24 November 2023

The vertical shot is a concept fundamental in the study of physics, which refers to the movement of an object thrown vertically up or down, under the exclusive influence of the force of gravity. In this type of movement, the trajectory of the object follows a characteristic shape, reaching a maximum height and then returning to its starting point.

In this article we will explore the basic principles of vertical shooting, including the fundamental equations that describe the movement, the characteristics of the trajectory and the practical applications of this concept in everyday life and in disciplines such as engineering and physics.

## What is the concept of vertical shot in physics?

Vertical draft is a physical phenomenon that occurs when an object is thrown vertically up or down, in the absence of external forces except gravity. It is a special case of movement in two dimensions, where the object moves only in the vertical direction.

During the vertical pull up, the object experiences a constant deceleration due to the gravitational force, until its speed is reduced to zero at the highest point of the trajectory. Newton’s laws, the reference system and the star (Earth) play an important role in the study of vertical shooting. It explains how these concepts are related:

• Newton’s laws: Newton’s laws are fundamental principles of physics that describe the motion of objects and the forces acting on them. In the context of vertical shooting, Newton’s laws are applicable in relation to the seriousnessd and other forces involved.
• Reference system: In the study of vertical shooting, a reference system is used to describe and analyze the movement of the object. A reference system establishes a frame of coordinates and reference points for measure position, velocity, and acceleration of the object in relation to its surroundings. In vertical shooting, two-dimensional or three-dimensional reference systems are used to describe both the vertical and horizontal directions of movement.
• Astro (Earth): In the vertical shot, the star that influences the movement is the Earth. Earth’s gravity is the dominant force acting on the vertically thrown object. Gravity provides the downward accelerationwhich affects the speed and trajectory of the object during its ascent and descent.

## What are the characteristics of the vertical shot?

The vertical shot presents several distinctive characteristics that are important to understand its nature. and their behavior. Listed below are some of the key features of the vertical shot:

• symmetric trajectory: During vertical shooting, the trajectory followed by the object forms a symmetrical curve in the form of a parable. This symmetric trajectory is due to the constant acceleration due to gravity, both during the ascent and during the descent of the object.
• Initial and final speed: During the vertical throw up, the object is thrown with a positive initial velocity. As it ascends, its velocity decreases due to the influence of gravity until it reaches its maximum height, at which time its velocity becomes zero. During the descent, the speed of the object increases in magnitude, but in the opposite direction, since gravity accelerates its fall. In the vertical downward throw, the object is thrown with a negative initial velocity and its velocity increases in magnitude as it falls.
• Maximum height: During vertical pull up, the object reaches a maximum height before beginning its descent. This maximum height depends on the initial velocity and the acceleration due to gravity. In the downward vertical shot there is no maximum height, since the object continues to fall indefinitely.
• Flight time: He total time it takes the object to complete its trajectory in the vertical shot is known as the time of flight. In the absence of air resistance or other external forces, the time of flight for a vertical shot up and the time of flight for a vertical shot down are the same.
• constant acceleration: During vertical shooting, the object experiences a constant acceleration due to gravity. This acceleration acts in the opposite direction to the movement during the ascent and in the same direction during the descent. Its magnitude is approximately equal to 9.8 m/s² near the Earth’s surface.

### What type of movement is the vertical shot?

The vertical shot is a type of movement in two dimensions which occurs when an object is thrown vertically up or down, under the exclusive influence of the force of gravity. Although the object moves only in a vertical direction, its movement is influenced by the concepts of position, velocity, and acceleration in both the vertical and horizontal directions.

In terms of the vertical direction, the movement of the vertical shot can be described as an accelerated movement, since the acceleration due to gravity acts constantly on the object. During the vertical pull up, the object slows down due to gravity until it reaches its maximum height and then accelerates downward during descent. In the downward vertical shot, the object is constantly accelerating due to gravity throughout the entire movement.

### Is a parabolic shot and vertical shots the same?

No, a parabolic shot and a vertical shot are not the same, although share certain similarities.

Vertical throw refers to the movement of an object thrown vertically up or down, under the exclusive influence of the force of gravity. In the vertical shot, the trajectory of the object follows an arc shape, describing a symmetrical curve in the shape of a parabola in the vertical plane. On the other hand, the parabolic throw refers to the movement of an object thrown at an angle to the horizontal, under the influence of gravity. In the parabolic shot, the trajectory of the object also follows an arc shape, describing a parabolic curve in the two-dimensional plane.

### What are the vertical shot formulas?

For the vertical shot, there are several fundamental formulas that describe its movement. These formulas are related to position, velocity and time depending on the initial variables and physical constants, such as gravity. Below are some of the more common vertical shot formulas:

• Vertical position (y) as a function of time
• “y” is the vertical position in a time you.
• “y0” is the initial vertical position.
• “v0” is the initial velocity in the vertical direction.
• “g” is the acceleration due to gravity (usually taken to be -9.8 m/s^2).
• Vertical speed (v) as a function of time
• “v” is the vertical velocity at a time t.
• “v0” is the initial velocity in vertical direction.
• “g” is the acceleration due to gravity.
• Flight time
• “t” is the flight time required to reach maximum height.
• “v0” is the initial velocity in the vertical direction.
• “g” is the acceleration due to gravity.
• Maximum height (h) reached: h = y0 + (v0^2)/(2g), where:
• “h” is the maximum height reached during the vertical shot.
• “y0” is the initial vertical position.
• “v0” is the initial velocity at vertical direction.
• “g” is the acceleration due to gravity.

## What are the types of vertical shooting?

In general terms, we can identify two main types of vertical shot: the vertical shot up and the vertical shot down. These guys They differ by direction and initial velocity. of the thrown object. Each of them is briefly described below:

### upward vertical shot

The upward vertical shot is a type of movement in which an object is thrown vertically upward. During this type of vertical shot, the object moves against gravity, resulting in constant deceleration. Some important features and properties of vertical updraft:

• positive initial velocity.
• Maximum height.
• Flight time.
• final speed.

The upward vertical draft is great importance in various fieldssuch as physics, engineering, and projectile mechanics. The understanding of the characteristics and properties of the vertical upward throw is fundamental to analyze and predict the movement of objects thrown vertically upwards.

### downward vertical shot

The downward vertical throw is a type of movement in which an object is thrown vertically downward. During this type of vertical shot, the object moves in favor of gravity, resulting in a constant acceleration. The important features and properties of vertical downdraft:

• Negative initial velocity.
• constant acceleration.
• There is no maximum height.
• Flight time.
• final speed.

Like vertical updraft, vertical downdraft has applications in a variety of fields, including physics, engineering, and projectile mechanics. Understanding the characteristics and properties of vertical downdraft is essential to analyze and predict the movement of objects thrown vertically downward.

## Are free fall and vertical throw the same?

No, the free fall and the vertical shot are not the same, although they do have some similarities. While free fall refers to an object moving vertically under the sole influence of gravity with no initial velocity in a vertical direction, vertical throw involves throwing an object vertically up or down with an initial velocity in a vertical direction. specific. The main difference lies in the trajectory. and the way in which speed and height vary during the movement.

## Examples of vertical shots

here are some examples of vertical shots:

• Throwing a ball up: If you throw a ball vertically up, it will experience a vertical upward shot. The ball will reach a maximum height and then start to descend due to gravity.
• jumping from a trampoline: When you jump from a springboard, your body follows an up and down vertical shooting path. You start the jump with a positive vertical velocityyou reach a maximum height and then descend back down.
• Fall of an object from a height: If you drop an object from a certain height, it will experience a downward vertical throw. The object will fall downward under the influence of gravity, gaining speed as it descends.
• Throwing a projectile downward: If you throw a projectile vertically downwards with a negative initial velocity, a downward vertical draft will be produced. The projectile will fall faster due to its negative initial velocity and the downward acceleration due to gravity.