The word diurnal is a term that in any language is observed as an adjective related to the day. This article explains what is diurnal and how it works as a synonym in animal classification. Similarly, there is talk of a state or disease known as daytime sleepiness. In addition, the most relevant examples of animals that develop in this period are mentioned.
Meaning and definition of diurnal
The classification of animals can be done in different ways. Well, there are several ranges and features that allow you to sort them into groups. For example, there are domestic animals that are those that live in houses together with people. Likewise, it is possible to group them according to the period of the day where they have the most activity. So there is the diurnal animal and the nocturnal animal.
The word diurnal has its origin in the language used by the great Roman empire, that is, Latin. Where, su diurnus was the term used, from there it was adapted to other languages such as English and French. It is a qualifying adjective and its translation into Spanish tells us it describes a noun belonging to the day. Likewise, it refers to a person, animal or plant that has the most activity during the day.
What is a shift or day shift?
Now, when it comes to work, the dictionary of the Spanish language refers to the person who performs his work during the period of the day in which sunlight prevails. In this sense, it is possible to affirm that the daytime shift or schedule begins at dawn, between 5 and 6 in the morning. While, the night begins at dusk, ending the day.
A large part of the activities carried out by humans are carried out during business hours or the daytime. Since, in general, it is intended for the night period or the night for rest. However, there are many jobs or tasks that are also carried out when the sun’s rays no longer fall on the earth.
What is daylight?
When we talk about daylight, we refer to the sunlight that is on the earth during the day. Here, the sun comes into play, which all the time radiates energy and rays into space. These rays fall on our planet and illuminate the entire environment and the biosphere. The dictionary of the Spanish language defines the moment, shift or period of light as day.
It is important to clarify that these rays of light always fall on the earth, twenty-four hours a day. However, for the rotatory motion, the rays do not illuminate the same place. So, the switch between day and night occurs, causing the night turn creatures to activate.
What is a diurnal animal?
The diurnal animal group includes any species or creature that performs its basic activities during the day. Therefore, they are active and seek eat during this period. Meanwhile, the night is left to take a rest and sleep until the next dawn. A large part of the animals belong to the group or day shift.
Among the activities of the day is the action of hunting when dealing with predators. While those who are not, look for food like leaves, plants and fruits, although there are also others that locate carrion. That is, decaying bodies of another dead animal or waste that a predator did not finish off.
The day shift also includes exercise practices such as run or wander by the environment. Likewise, we must include the sexual activity of many species that seek reproduction through physical contact while there is sunlight in the sky.
What is daytime sleepiness?
Daytime sleepiness is a term that can be found in the dictionary of the Spanish language. However, it is not a unique word or title in the Spanish language, as it also appears in English and French, although with their respective translations. In this sense, it is a state in which a person or animals during the day. Although, if the drowsiness appears constantly, it is possible that it is a disease.
When the animal or person falls into daytime sleepiness, the individual begins to feel tired during the day. A synonym for this state is being sleepy in the morning or afternoon, but it is not a mild sensation. On the contrary, it is a state that does not allow the living being to function naturally during the day. In a translator it can also be understood as a fatigue or extreme tiredness.
What is the difference between daytime and nighttime?
The main difference between night and day is found in the period of the day where the main activities of the living being take place. Well, there are those they thrive best at night and there are a large part of the individuals who prefer the day. This influences when the animal or person eats or goes hunting to find their food. Similarly, there is a big difference in the rest period.
Another of the differences can be located in the physical characteristics of the animal, for example, the nocturnal animal adapts to the darkness of the night. In the case of the bat, it has ‘enhanced’ eyesight so it can watch its prey. Likewise, they have changes in what is tissue regeneration, since hormonal processes are reversed.
Among the characteristics of daytime animals, their vision also stands out, which is optimal, but has several differences from that of nocturnal ones. In this sense, the creatures that are active during the day have certain cells with which they can capture and distinguish colors. The best example in this area is any species of bird, since they have sharp vision that allows them to locate food at a great height.
The diurnal animal spends more energy than it ingests at mealtimes, so they can be observed more actively. In the same way, they have better adaptation of circadian rhythms, which makes your body regulate itself during the seasons of the year. In this sense, these creatures can disguise this rhythm when there are variations in environmental conditions. So, they have the possibility to continue with the daily routines without exposing themselves to many dangers during those changes.
Let’s now see some of the most important examples of daytime animals, it should be noted that most of the best-known creatures are found on the list. Well, these are the ones that are most popular in the world and the ones that are most frequently observed. Bees and butterflies are in the first places. They are described as very active during the daythey only change their work hours during the winter, but they always do it before the sun goes down.
Squirrels and other rodents are also very active during the day, especially when they are looking for shelter food or preparation for winter. The chameleon needs sunlight to stay alive, since absorbs energy to camouflage. As for the hawk, it is feasible to say that it can detect ultraviolet light in the bodies of the prey. That is why it is considered the best hunting bird in the world, another reason is its great speed. The elephant is another synonym of a daytime animal, they have a long day walking, in which they drink a lot of water.